The name Hanuman comes from the Sanskrit hanu which means "chin," and mat which means "superior, excellent."
Hanuman means "the one with the awesome chin" because he took a blow on the chin from Indra (the God of thunderbolts) and survived it. He has another name, Maruti, which means "born of the wind."
The origin story of Hanuman—like any mythological character—has a great deal of variety. All of the variations have significance and meaning and emphasize for us that the story of the Ramayana book (7th to 4th centuries BCE)
The story of Hanuman is not literal but instead symbolic.
It has a lot to do with psychological and spiritual knowledge.
The story is a living knowledge that conveys spiritual truths, thus it has a lot of variety.
Hanuman is said to be the son of Vayu, the wind God, which is from where he got the ability to fly. His mother is Anjana is a Vanara woman.
A Vanara in Hindu mythology is a subclass of human being. A vanara is not a human being, but a type of monkey being. They are mythologically described as being tribal people, instinctive, who lived in the wild, who were very energetic, active, and mischievous,but animal in many ways, that is why they are represented with monkey faces.
He was really powerful and as a child was known for his naughtiness. The entire world was troubled by his games and therefore he was cursed to not remember any of his powers until he was older.
Older hanuman is taken under the teachings of Surya, the Sun is called Surya, which literally means "supreme light." Surya is a manifestation or another face or mukta of the other gods. Surya is Shiva, Surya is Vishnu, but appearing as the Sun agrees to be Hanuman's guru and teaches him everything about scripture and Tantra. In fact, the myth states that Hanuman is the first being to learn pranayama.
In ancient book the Ramayana, Indian epic poem:
The symbolism of Lord Rama, who is an incarnation or avatar of the God Vishnu. Ramachandra, represented with blue skin like Krishna, is depicted with his bow and arrow and is the chief hero or character of the Ramayana. In his story, his wife is abducted by a great demon named Ravana. Rama is only able to free his wife Sita from the demon because of the aid of Hanuman. It is Hanuman, who regain his powers, who makes it possible for Sita to be rescued, and for Rama and Sita to be reunited. So the role of Hanuman in the Ramayana is important. In the minds of his many devotees, the service and devotion of Hanuman make him the most important character of the Ramayana.
For many, he is the most revered deity, even though he is, we could say, at a lower level or a servant of Rama. Yet many see Hanuman as greater because he is a faithful servant, and thereby a great hero.
We often see the picture of Hanuman opening up his chest and showing in his heart are Rama and Sita. These are his gurus, those who he serves with all his heart. His every thought, his every action is in service to Rama.
This is what it means to me more than anything else, complete service to his gurus. Complete love and strength that comes from devotion
There is a type of prayer that is chanted by Hindu priests or priestesses when they are studying scriptures; this quote is from one of them. It says:
"Mangalam to Sri Hanuman, who is the consort of Suvarchala, who had four arms and who is the hero who rides on a beam of light."
Mangalam means good fortune, benefits, or blessings.